Do you know that every hour we shed around 30,000 to 40,000 skin cells? Named as ‘keratinocytes’, they are composed of the fibrous protein called keratin. They are formed in the epidermis layer, and gradually move up to the dermis and the skin’s outer surface where the skin cell dies.
This process is called desquamation, and it is the natural life cycle of the skin to allow new cells to push up from beneath. It takes about one month for new skin cells to make their way to the top layer, called the stratum corneum.
The problem lies when these dead skin cells do not readily leave your skin. They can cause problems: clog pores, leave the skin dull-looking, have uneven skin texture. When they collect in the pores, and then combine with the skin’s natural oils (sebum), it can easily result in comedones. If inflamed, you’ll get those dreaded acne breakouts.
Why do dead skin cells build up?
Old, dead skin cells shed every day and newer, heathy skin cells replace them to reveal a more radiant-looking skin. There are several factors that can contribute to its build-up instead of falling off your skin.
Due to the natural ageing process, the desquamation process slows down. Dead skin cells are shed at a slower rate, and at the same time, oil production also decreases. As a result, the old skin cells start to pile up on the surface of the skin, leaving the skin looking rough, dull and dry.
2. Lack of exfoliation
Exfoliation helps to remove the barrier of dead skin cells that are clogging the skin’s surface, revealing the fresh, new cells below. It can be performed mechanically, using physical scrubs on the skin, or chemically, by using exfoliating ingredients like lactic or glycolic acid, to remove the dead skin cells.
By regularly sloughing away the dead skin, it helps to accelerate cell renewal and promote a youthful glow. Plus, the application of subsequent skincare products can penetrate more deeply into the skin for better effectiveness. Aim to exfoliate once or twice a week to boost the desquamation process for your skin.
3. Using the wrong moisturiser
A dry or dehydrated skin is more susceptible to the build-up of dead skin cells. It creates a rough skin texture which acts as a barrier to trap dead skin cells that are ready to be shed underneath. Make sure you look for moisturisers that are tailored for your skin type so you get the right level of hydration needed.
4. Environmental factors
Similarly, a cold weather or environment can also cause dry skin. In air-conditioned rooms, cold and frigid temperature lack humidity which may not be ideal for your skin. Your skin loses hydration, thus trapping dead skin cells and causing a build-up. Excessive sun exposure also can zap the moisture from your skin. Stay out of the sun’s harsh rays and always apply SPF as directed for optimal sun protection.
Give your skin a boost
Exfoliating these old cells is key to letting the younger, newer cells come to surface and shine, giving you a much healthier outlook.
The HydraFacial is a non-surgical procedure that uses patented technology to cleanse, extract and hydrate the skin. The treatment includes five steps: cleaning & exfoliation, acid peel, extractions, hydration and protection. Debris from the pores are removed through a painless vortex suction to uncover a new layer of skin. The skin’s surface will be nourished with antioxidants, hyaluronic acid and peptides to nourish and hydrate the skin.
There are several benefits to the HydraFacial treatment. you can expect a lightened appearance of your skin pigmentation such as sun spots, freckles and post-acne discolouration. Because the treatment helps to remove the dead skin cells and impurities, it can also help to improve your acne breakouts and prevent it from getting worse. You can use it as a complement to your acne treatments for enhanced results. Your skin will be left with a refined skin texture and tone, that is well-hydrated for improved suppleness.